Zambia’s , for example, includes clauses that criminalize the defamation of the president and allow the president to ban publications that are considered to be “contrary to the public interest”.Article 22 of the guarantees the right to access information.Zambia was one of the first countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to adopt the internet, when satellite and dial-up technology were installed at the University of Zambia in the early 1990s.Today, three operators provide Zambia’s national fiber backbone: , which is privately-owned.Furthermore, clause 4 of Article 23 guarantees the independence of the public media to determine the editorial content of their broadcasts and communications, as well as the right to present divergent views and dissenting opinions.In practice, however, press freedom can potentially be limited by various statutes.However, this does not mean that censorship equipment is not present in the country, but just that these particular tests were not able to highlight it’s presence.Zambia is , conducted a study to examine whether internet censorship events occurred during the election period.
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This study was carried out through the collection of network measurements from a local vantage point in Zambia, based on a set of designed to examine whether a set of websites were blocked, and whether systems that could be responsible for internet censorship and surveillance were present in the tested network (MTN Zambia).
The aim of this study is to increase transparency about potential internet controls in Zambia which might have interfered with the democratic process of elections.
Zambia is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, bordering with Tanzania, Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Botswana and Namibia.
Unlike most of its neighbors, Zambia is appear to include some of the factors that led to Zambia’s transition to a multi-party democracy and presidential system in 1991.